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Backyard Composting

Backyard Composters
Backyard composters are available for sale throughout the RDN.
Click Here for a list of locations.
Sustain the land, save landfill space

All that's needed to start backyard composting is a little space. An area of about one square metre located in a sunny well-drained location preferably located close to your garden will work. Remember to keep your composter or compost pile away from your house, other buildings, shrubs and woodpiles as this can create attractive habitats for rodents.

Plastic Bins

One of the easiest ways to start composting is to buy a plastic backyard bin available in kit form at local hardware and home supply stores. Units come in a wide range of prices, are sturdy, easy to assemble and often include instructional material.

Click Here to download a list of local retailers.

Compost heaps

If you have a big yard or acreage, a compost heap is one of the best ways to compost large volumes of yard and garden waste. The heap is created by simply piling leaves and yard and garden trimmings directly on the ground and tamping them down in layers.

Compost Heap
A compost heap is a good method for composting large volumes of yard and garden trimmings.

Start with a layer of twigs to help ventilate the pile and alternate with layers of green materials such as grass clippings and browns such as dried leaves, straw and wood chips. Finish with some soil and another layer of greens and browns. Keep the pile about as damp as a wrung out sponge. The size of the pile and the thickness of the materials will determine how much heat is generated and how quickly materials decompose.

Build our own

Building your own composter allows you to design a unit suited to your needs and budget. They can be constructed from wood, concrete blocks, tires, wire mesh or even a metal garbage can with holes poked through the lid and sides to allow for ventilation. Common features include a cover to control the moisture that gets in, a floor to inhibit rodents and pests, holes or vents for air circulation, and a means to remove the finished product.

Download plans to build a single-bin rodent-resistant backyard composter or a three-bin rodent-resistant composting system. Plans are provided compliments of Metro Vancouver Solid Waste Services.

Single Bin
A wire mesh bin with hinged front panel
3 Part Bin
Building a 3-compartment unit lets you manage compost at different stages: raw materials, active piles and final product

Easy steps to successful backyard composting

  1. The right green-brown mix...
    • Nitrogen-rich greens such as fresh grass clippings, plant trimmings and vegetable scraps.
    • Carbon-rich brown materials such as dry leaves, straw, sawdust and shredded newspaper.
    • Roughly equal amounts of green and brown materials for a steady rate of decomposition and a good nutrient value of the finished compost.
  2. Air and moisture...
    • The right amount of air and water keeps the biological processes working. The pile should be damp but not soggy.
    • Turn your compost every week or two to ensure bacteria get the air they need to do their work.
  3. Heat...
    • The higher the heat, the faster your compost will "cook". In cooler weather, the process will slow and may limit how much material you can add.
    • Keeping your compost pile at a size of 1 square metre, ensuring the right mix of browns and greens, and regularly turning will turn up the heat.
Green Material Brown Material Do Not Compost
  • Plant trimmings
  • Fruit & vegetable scraps
  • Fresh grass clippings
  • Coffee grounds & tea bags
  • Flowers
  • Eggshells
  • Dry flowers and leaves
  • Straw
  • Sawdust
  • Dry grass clippings
  • Shredded newspaper
  • Wood chips
  • Bones
  • Cooking oils
  • Dairy products
  • Meat or fish
  • Pet feces
  • Salad dressings
  • Weeds (gone to seed)
  • Diseased plants or leaves
  • Avocado, peach and other pits
  • Getting started and what to notice

    Helpful Composting Hints

    Be Bear Aware

    Bear Aware

    Maintain your compost pile or bin to keep it from attracting bears and other wildlife. Don't add cooked foods, bread, fruit, cereal. Sprinkling your compost with garden lime aids the composting process and reduces odours that might attract bears or wildlife.

    Backyard Composting Troubleshooting Tips

    Problem: The compost has a bad odour.

    Problem: The compost is damp and warm in the middle but nowhere else. Problem: The centre of the pile is dry. Problem: The pile is damp and sweet smelling but won't heat up.
    Last Modified:  Jun 29, 2016
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