Mallard Place Neighbourhood Sewer

In 2017, the Regional District of Nanaimo (RDN) received inquiries about extending sanitary sewer servicing to the Mallard Place neighbourhood of Nanoose Bay. An expansion of the Fairwinds Sanitary Sewer Service Area would have been required, along with construction of new sewermains and manholes. In March 2018, following the Regional District's request for an expression of interest, a minimum of 50% of the affected property owners did not return a positive expression of interest. As such, this sewer servicing project did not proceed. Please click below to view a copy of the final letter issued to property owners.

  • Mallard Place Neighbourhood Sewer Insufficient Support Letter Mar. 16, 2018


    A letter was mailed on November 16, 2017 to each property owner on Mallard Place, Remora Place, and adjacent properties along Dolphin Drive who may be interested in participating in a group sewer system expansion project.

    A public meeting was held on November 30, 2017 at Fairwinds Centre, 3455 Fairwinds Drive, Nanoose Bay. The public meeting was an opportunity for property owners to seek answers to their questions, meet neighbours, and meet RDN project staff. At the meeting, the project considerations were reviewed. There is no obligation to connect to sewer or pay for the service expansion unless more than 50% of the property owners, representing at least 50% of the property values in the service area, agree (in writing) to proceed. If the project does not receive enough support, it will not be advanced. Preliminary "ball park” cost estimates have been prepared, based on other systems’ costs, for the purpose of early discussion with property owners. The cost estimates are provided in the “Questions and Answers” section below.

    A follow-up letter to property owners was mailed on December 20, 2017. This follow-up letter was issued to request an expression of interest to determine whether there is enough support to proceed with an Engineering Design. The Engineering Design would provide property owners with a more accurate cost estimate by determining the exact scope of the project. Using Community Works Funds to pay for the Engineering Design means that no up-front costs would be payable by the property owners. If a majority of property owners return a positive expression of interest, the RDN may proceed with an Engineering Design at the discretion of the Electoral Area 'E' Director. Please click below to view a copy of each letter.

  • Mallard Place Neighbourhood Sewer Information Letter, Nov. 16, 2017
  • Mallard Place Neighbourhood Sewer Follow-Up Letter, Dec. 20, 2017

    The properties included in the proposed sewer service area expansion area are shown on the plan below. This area was identified based on the topography of the land which naturally slopes towards the existing sewer system.

    Mallard Place Neighbourhood Sewer Map

    Questions and Answers

    Mallard-Remora-Dolphin Drive Sewer Service Extension Process

    1. What is a petition?
      A petition is the formal means of getting written support from property owners to extend the existing Fairwinds Sewer Service Area, and to approve the means of funding the construction of the works. As with other infrastructure projects, the RDN is able to borrow the funds required from the Municipal Finance Authority, and pay it back through tax requisition from the Mallard-Remora-Dolphin Drive area property owners engaged in this project.
    2. How does a petition pass/fail?
      The petitioning process succeeds if at least 50% of the property owners petitioned return a valid signed petition, and the value of the valid petitions makes up at least 50% of the assessed value of the properties being petitioned. Without this approval the RDN cannot undertake the construction of the works.
    3. Has the RDN experienced successes or failures at the petitioning stage in other projects?
      Yes. In recent years, the RDN has offered to bring sanitary sewer servicing to other neighbourhoods that are adjacent to existing sewer infrastructure. The results have been mixed. In each case the property owners were advised of the costs and process to obtain sewer servicing, with the costs being specific to each area/project. Some have failed to proceed due to lack of petition support. Other sewer projects have been completed with the required level of support, and the property owners have successfully connected their properties to the RDN sewer system.
    4. What is the whole process: public meeting/petition/board approvals, etc?
      A public information meeting was held on November 30, 2017 to answer questions. Subsequently, a letter was mailed on December 20, 2017 to gauge the property owners’ interest in the project. If roughly half of the property owners respond in support of the project (by Feb/Mar 2018), the RDN may proceed with survey and design. Once the design is complete and costs are better defined, RDN staff would prepare the formal petitions for mailing. The expression of interest and the formal petitions can only be completed by the property owners, they can not be completed by tenants. A few weeks’ time is allowed for review/return of the petition. Once the specified petitioning deadline has been met, the petitions are tallied and the results are presented to the RDN Board of Directors (the “Board”). A report is prepared for the Board indicating the level of support, along with a recommendation to proceed, or not. If the recommendation is to proceed, and the Board approves it, then an establishing bylaw and borrowing bylaw are prepared. Once the Board has given 3 readings to the bylaws, they would be sent to the Inspector of Municipalities (IOM) in Victoria for senior government review/approval. If the IOM approves, the Board can then give a 4th and final reading to the bylaws and formally adopt them. Once the bylaws are adopted, the RDN can tender the construction project. Assuming the tender responses are within the budget, the project can be awarded and construction of the sewer works can commence.
    5. Do I still pay if I don't want sewer and the petition passes?
      Yes. If the majority of the property owners within the proposed service area agree to the construction by signing the petition, then all of the property owners within the proposed service area would pay for the cost of sewer installation.
    6. Do I have to connect to the new sewer main?
      No. Property owners are not required by the RDN to connect to the new sewer in a specified time frame. It is recognized that some property owners have recently invested in, or upgraded, their septic tank and septic field disposal systems. The provincial Island Health Authority is the only agency that could require a property owner to connect to the sewer. However, as per Question (5) above, all property owners within the successfully petitioned sewer service area will pay for an equal share of the construction cost whether they connect to the sewer or not.

    Project Costs

    1. What is the estimated cost per property for the proposed sewer project?
      The preliminary cost estimate for the installation of the sanitary sewer expansion is approximately $35,000 to $40,000 per property. This includes the Fairwinds Capital Charge, per Bylaw No. 765, of $8,250 per property. This cost does not include each property owner’s own costs to decommission his/her septic tank, install a grinder pump, and construct a sewer line from the house to the road. Further, a building permit and sewer connection fee are payable at the time the owner actually connects to the sewer system. The building permit costs approximately $650 and includes the sewer connection fee of $300. If further design is completed, these estimates may change.
    2. Are there contingencies built into the cost?
      Yes. There is 15% contingency built into the estimate.
    3. Can we get a grant for this project?
      If enough letters of support are received, the Community Works Funds allocated to Electoral Area ‘E’ would initially be used to pay for the design of the project. If the project proceeds to construction, the design costs would be paid back by the project participants. Currently, there are no grants available for construction. If grants became available and this project was eligible, then an application would be made.
    4. What happens if the project is finished and it comes in under budget?
      If the project costs come in under budget, the cost to each owner will be less. Each property owner will pay an equal share of the actual costs to complete the project, and will not exceed the amount specified on the petition.
    5. What happens if the final construction cost is higher than what was estimated?
      The engineering design is the basis of the project cost estimate, which is calculated using local, recent, actual construction prices. When the project is tendered to the public, competitive bids are received, and it is rare that they all come in above the project cost estimate (the project budget). However, if the construction costs come in higher than what was written on the petition, then the RDN must go back to the participating residents to get approval again (or not) before work proceeds.

    Project Construction

    1. Where would the sewer system be constructed?
      The sewer system would be constructed on Mallard Place, Remora Place and along Dolphin Drive from Mallard Place to 3691 Dolphin Drive. This area was identified based on the topography of the land which naturally slopes towards the existing sewer system.
    2. Can the residents carry out the project themselves?
      Yes. The residents can carry out the project themselves. In this case the residents would be acting as a “Developer’. As a Developer, the group would be required to have the engineering design carried out by a registered professional engineer to RDN standards, be responsible for obtaining construction quotes for the project, financing the project, providing professional oversight of the project, and providing a one-year maintenance bond for the works. On completion, the sewer works would be turned over to the RDN through a legal Transfer Agreement.
    3. Can a Latecomers Agreement be considered?
      Latecomer agreements can only be established for Developers, and only for over-sized installations. As the project is being proposed as a Regional District project, it would not be eligible for a latecomer agreement. Further, the proposed works are not being over-sized for future use.
    4. What are some of the risks and how has the RDN planned to mitigate them?
      There are unknown factors in every construction project. RDN experience with other similar projects has led to a number of checks and balances in the planning stages of each project. We intend to contract out the survey and drafting work so the project is designed by a registered engineering professional. We would publicly tender the construction portion of the project, so the lowest price is achieved. We have factored a contingency amount into the budget for things like dewatering, rock-breaking equipment, and delays from inclement weather.

    Financial Arrangements

    1. Why do we have to pay for the sewer construction costs, doesn't the RDN have the money?
      The RDN does not have a general expense account for construction of sewer services. In Regional District electoral areas, the cost of a sewer service area expansion is paid for directly by the benefitting service area participants only. The RDN does not charge the existing Fairwinds Sewer Service Area owners the costs to install sewer mains in new areas.
    2. How is the project financed?
      The RDN is able to borrow the construction funds through the Municipal Finance Authority (MFA) at the current market rates available at the time of borrowing. The rate used for estimating costs in this project was 5%, but it may be lower or higher depending on whether long term borrowing rates change before the actual borrowing is completed. The rate will be fixed for 10 years at a time, although the borrowing will likely be amortized over 20 years. The rate for the second 10 year period is set when the debt is renewed at the end of the first 10 years. Recent borrowing from the MFA for another project was at 3.15%.
    3. How do property owners pay their share of the construction project?
      The RDN will provide property owners with two options for payment. Payment would be either added to each property owner's annual parcel taxes as a new parcel tax, or property owners could pay their share up front before borrowing is done. This is referred to as a "lump sum" payment, which is calculated once the project construction is complete and all costs are accounted for. Either way, no costs are payable by the property owner until the construction of the project is entirely complete.
    4. Can you explain the Capital Charge of $8,250?
      As defined by Bylaw 765 (1989), there is a one-time Capital Charge of $8,250 per property. This charge is payable by each property owner joining the existing Fairwinds Sewer Service Area in order to pay their share of the downstream sewer infrastructure already in place.
    5. Will my taxes go up?
      Yes. There would be a new parcel tax as noted in Question (18) above for repayment of the construction portion of the project. Also, there is another parcel tax (already in place for existing sewer system customers), which would be charged to all properties included in the proposed service area. This parcel tax is used to pay for the daily operation and maintenance, and capital replacement costs of the existing sewer system. In 2017, the property tax for Fairwinds Sewer was $731.05 per property.
    6. Can we defer our parcel taxes?
      Yes. There are a number of property tax deferral programs available through the Province of British Columbia, including ones for persons over 55 and for persons with disabilities. More information about the provincial Property Tax Deferral Program is available on the web at Property Tax Deferral Program or through a Service BC Office. Annual RDN user fees cannot be deferred (see next question).
    7. Are there other costs once the service is established?
      Yes. There is an annual Sewer User fee for all properties connected to the sanitary sewer system. The 2017 user fee for Fairwinds Sanitary Sewer System was a flat rate of $77.00. This sewer user fee will appear on each owners' RDN Utility Invoice, along with water, garbage, and recycling charges around June of each year.
    8. If my portion of the construction cost is amortized over 20 years, what would be my cost per year?
      The cost per year would be approximately $3,090/property assuming an initial borrowing rate of 3.15% and that the Capital Charge of $8,250 is included in the borrowing amount.

      Alternatively, if the Capital Charge of $8,250 is paid up front (not included in the borrowing amount), the cost per year would be approximately $2,450/property assuming an initial borrowing rate of 3.15%.

      Please keep in mind that these amounts are strictly debt repayment and do not include operating costs which are taxed separately.

    9. Is there a list of contractors that can provide me with an estimate of the work on private property?
      No. The RDN does not keep a list of contractors. Please search the internet or the yellow pages for lists of excavation contractors and septic tank contractors.
    10. What is involved in decommissioning a septic tank and field system?
      The septic tank should be filled in with sand if it is not removed. The septic disposal field can be abandoned in-place.
    11. Can we change the proposed service area boundary?
      Yes. If the project does not receive at least 50% support from property owners, then individuals or small groups may work on an alternative sewer servicing strategy that meets their needs. The costs per property owner would be different from what was previously estimated.

    Further Questions or Comments

    Please e-mail rcu@rdn.bc.ca or visit www.mallardsewer.ca